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The Beauty Of Solid Wood

cross section of wood

Table of Contents

There are many Chinese solid wood furniture factories. They make furniture with solid wood. According to customers’ needs, they will use high-quality and beautiful-looking wood.

We will have different aesthetic psychology by looking at or touching different materials.

The colour, texture effect (such as sparsity and density, smoothness and roughness, softness and hardness, randomness and neatness, etc.) and glossiness on the materials’ appearance, will stimulate people’s vision.

And people also recognize the texture of materials by touching them. They feel the material’s softness, hardness, lightness, heaviness, thickness, thinness, roughness and smoothness, etc., through touch.

Since ancient times, people have been close to the warm, soft and rough natural material—wood. It brings people a sense of psychological pleasure. People are more willing to accept it.

Figure 1-3 Bottle·Cingjing

1. Colour

Wood tissue contains various pigments, resins, tannins, gums, grease, etc.

So the wood comes in different colours.

The hue of the wood is mainly distributed from light orange to taupe, with orange in the majority.

The colour of the wood varies from species to species. People’s impressions and feelings are also different.

Generally, wood with high glossiness will bring a light, clean and bright impression. Cloud pine, white ash tree, Zha wood, etc. are such woods.

Woods with low glossiness and high hue, often give people a noble, gorgeous and deep impression. Red sandalwood and rosewood are such woods.

The wood with high chroma gives a stunning impression. The wood with low chroma gives a sense of simplicity.

Material colour classification Material colour characteristics Species example  
white wood bright, gorgeous, elegant Pine, maple, spruce, etc.
Red (brown) woodEnthusiasm, Positivity, Unrestrained Red birch, mahogany, mahogany, etc.
Yellow-brown wood warm, friendly, natural Teak, zelkova, etc.
 Light brown wood natural, simple, soft Oak, elm and other

We can identify the wood by its colour.

We can determine the quality of the wood by the colour of the wood.

It is a symbol of decay if the wood loses its inherent colour.

Some wood pigments can be extracted as a dye.

For example, a yellow dye can be extracted from cotinus tomentose, and a blue dye can be extracted from cedar wood.

2. Texture

The grain of wood forms naturally as the tree grows. It is the form of wood annual rings, rays, and other tissues on the wood surface. That is the arrangement direction of wood cells (such as fibres, conduits, tracheids, etc.).

The grain of the wood has a straight grain, oblique grain and wavy grain.

wood grain classifications

Straight grain means that the axial molecules of the wood are parallel to the long axis of the trunk.

Oblique grain means that the axial molecules of the wood are not parallel to the long axis of the trunk but at an angle.

The wavy texture means the axial parenchyma bends to the left and right according to specific rules. They are like waves, such as cherry wood.

These natural and intimate textures will produce different patterns due to how the wood is cut and different tree species in different environments.

The radial section and transverse section will form patterns that do not intersect. They are approximately parallel or concentric. This pattern gives people the impression of neatness, stability, smoothness, ease and elegance.

image 20
transverse section
image 21
radial section

The tangential and special sections can present various wavy shapes and unique patterns. They give people a feel of changing, undulating, and beautiful.

In addition, due to the influence of age, climate, and origins, the wood grain pattern has different changes in different parts. It gives a sense of transformation, undulation, movement, and life.

For example, the interval distribution between earlywood and latewood, between growth rings, presents a fluctuation. This fluctuation is similar to the heart beating up and down. So wood is called a “living material”.

When people see the grain of the wood, they will get a kind, quiet comfort and have a life resonance with it. As shown in Figure 1-4.

3. Glossiness

The surface of the wood is composed of countless cells. And after the cells are cut or dissected, they become numerous concave mirrors.

The lustre reflected in the concave mirror has the visual effect of a silk surface. This is difficult for imitation products to imitate.

In daily life, people judge the smoothness, softness, hardness, warmth and coldness of objects by the level of gloss.

The wood surface has an elegant sheen due to the wood’s temperature-reflective properties. It attenuates and absorbs light, softening it for a natural and elegant look.

When the light hits the surface of the wood, due to different wood species and internal structures, there will be further reflection and lustre on different cut sections.

Different tree species absorb and reflect light differently. So different wood presents different lustres.

Suo wood and poplar are white or yellowish-white. However, Suo wood’s radial and tangential sections often have a silky lustre, while poplar does not.

Spruce is the same colour as fir. But spruce is shiny, while fir has little or no lustre.

The tree species with strong lustre include oak, maple, basswood, birch, and Chinese toon.

The colour of the same wood will show different lustre when the angle between the direction of light and that of wood fibre is different.

This point is often used in veneer decoration on the surface of furniture, through one or more groups of butt mosaics to achieve a specific special visual effect.

If you need high-end furniture, such as solid wood wardrobes, nightstands, bedframes or chests, for a five-star hotel, You will have high requirements for the furniture’s material. You can contact us. We’ll help you choose wood with excellent colour, grain and lustre to ensure the furniture is high-end.

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