Many customers are looking for solid wood furniture that is made entirely of natural wood. However, they may not communicate this clearly to the factory or they may ask for a very low price.
This may lead the factory to use solid wood for some parts but wood veneers for other parts to cut costs. The customers may feel cheated by the factory and think that they are not getting what they paid for.
As a solid wood furniture manufacturer, we want to help you understand the difference between solid wood and wood veneer, and how to choose the right furniture for your needs.
So How to Tell the Difference Between Solid Wood and Veneer?
- It is solid wood, if the biggest surface is with flame texture, the side is with parallel textures, the end side is with annual ring textures, and the texture lines are continuous at the junction of each surface.
- It is wood veneer if the appearance has the same or similar textures in several places.
- It is wood veneer if the textures are inconsistent on the front and back of the door core board/drawer bottom board/cabinet backboard.
- It is the wood veneer if there is a small black line left.
- It is wood veneer if the board’s width(not length) exceeds one meter and there is no splicing.
- It is wood veneer if the price is meager.
1. It is solid wood, if the biggest surface with a flame texture, the side with parallel textures, the end side with annual ring textures, and the texture lines are continuous at the junction of each surface.
To identify solid wood, we need to understand how solid wood boards are made.
We can imagine a tree as a series of concentric cylinders that are twisted. Most of the solid wood used in the furniture is plain-sawn (flat-cut) boards. This means that the wood is cut along the tangent direction of these concentric cylinders.
After cutting, the rectangular sawn timber will appear differently in three directions.
On the biggest surface A, there are large or small parabolic textures(flame texture).
On the sides, there are parallel lines.
On the end side, there are arc annual ring textures.
Moreover, the textures on these three surfaces are continuous on the boundary line.
The wood veneer is a 0.5mm thick wood slice. It is usually attached to the core material to simulate solid wood’s texture.
We produce wood veneers by plain slicing(flat cutting), radial cutting, or rotary cutting. The textures of the facade made are flame textures (parabolic texture), parallel textures, and a whole piece of wood veneer.
The most commonly used are flat cutting and rotary cutting. None of the above three methods can get an arc annual ring texture wood veneer.
So we check if the end side of this board has an arc annual ring texture. If not, then it is not solid wood.
Besides, check whether the textures on side B and end side C are continuous with the texture on surface A. If not, it’s not solid wood.
By mastering this principle, we have the core and most potent weapon to tell whether it is solid wood.
2. It is wood veneer if the appearance has the same or similar textures in several places.
The veneer textures are very similar among each circle of veneer(rotary cutting) or each slice (flat cutting). But this will not appear on solid wood.
There is only one situation in the Chinese high-end mahogany furniture market. After splitting the log, we will get two wooden boards with the same texture. And we will use them on a couple of chairs or a pair of wardrobes. But generally, we will not use them on ordinary furniture.
So, if you find the same texture in several places, you can tell it is a wood veneer.
3, It is wood veneer if the textures are inconsistent between the front and back of the door core board/drawer bottom board/cabinet backboard.
Sometimes we can’t tell if they are solid wood, i.e., the door core board, the cabinet’s back panel, and the drawer box’s bottom panel because their four sides are embedded in the frames.
The core boards marked with red boxes are all wood veneer.
Some factories use wood veneer on the door core board to reduce costs.
In the Chinese national standard “GB/T3324-2008 General Technical Conditions for Wood Furniture”, the drawer box bottom and cabinet back panel can be other materials, like wood veneer. As long as solid wood usage in the furniture is more than 70%, we can name its solid wood furniture.
So, the factory and the customer must clarify with each other.
So how can we distinguish whether these parts are solid wood or not? We will need to contrast the wood texture on the front and back of the board.
If a board is spliced with many solid wood blocks, the seams on the front and back should be the same. For example, if the front surface is four pieces joined together, the back side should also be four. And the texture of each surface should be similar because they come from the same log.
But some small cabinets are too small for the head to get in., i.e., American-style TV cabinets, coffee tables, and drawer cabinets. So it isn’t easy to judge whether they are solid wood.
The recommended approach is clarifying with the factory and listing the contract’s requirements.
4. It is the wood veneer if there is a small black line left.
5. It is wood veneer if the board’s width(not length) exceeds one meter but without splicing.
If a tabletop is more than one meter wide (not length) but without splices, it is wood veneer.
Solid wood board more expansive than one meter is rare in the market. Because trees grow to a diameter of more than one meter, which is rare in the market.
6. It is wood veneer if the price is meager.
Solid wood furniture is generally much more expensive than wood veneer furniture. It uses artificial boards with wood veneer, and the cost is lower than solid wood furniture. If the price is meager, it can be wood veneer.
So now you know how to distinguish between solid wood and wood veneer.
But if you are looking for solid wood furniture that is made entirely of natural wood, you need to communicate clearly with the factory and ask them which parts are solid wood and which are not.
This will help you avoid any misunderstandings or disappointments.
Whether you are a wholesaler, a trader, a retailer, a designer team, a builder, a developer, or an individual customer, we have the right solid wood furniture for you.
We are a reputable and professional solid wood furniture manufacturer with years of experience and expertise.
We have a wide range of products for your dining room, living room, bedroom, kitchen, and bathroom.
We can also customize your furniture according to your specifications and preferences. Don’t hesitate to get in touch with us and get a free quote for your project.